Economic Team of Switzerland led by Minister of Economy, Education, and Research of Switzerland Johann N. Schneider-Ammann, met President Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo, on the Bogor Palace, West Java, Friday (14/7) morning. Vocational coaching is ruled by the Labor Law (UU 13/2003) and the government regulation on the nationwide training for work system (PP 31/2006), and is managed by the National Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration (Kementerian Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi – Kemenakertrans). Group C, which makes up the other half of the curriculum, comprises vocational topics. Vocational schooling in Indonesia goals not only at making ready youth for gainful employment but additionally for additional education, and focuses on creating ‘good’ residents. The national coaching for work system (Sistem Latihan Kerja Nasional – Sislatkernas) also professionalvides apprenticeship programs as stipulated by a associated ministerial regulation (Permennakertrans Per.21/Men/X/2005).
In addition, neither the old nor the brand new idea of competencies has been discussed intensively in academic circles in view of the worldwide discussions on ‘transferrable skills’ or previous ideas dealing with these skills. However, discussions on transferable skills for TVET lecturers are happening even much less often amongst instructor educators than those on transferable skills in TVET. What is evident is that almost all vocational colleges have such planning paperwork since they are required for program and college accreditation.
At the time when the curriculum-associated rules have been issued, most people, as well as colleges, academics, and instructor training institutions had little understanding in regards to the changes the latest curriculum reform would entail, regardless of the conducted informational actions. In addition, the ministerial regulation on competency standards for graduates of primary and secondary schooling (Permendikbud 54/2013) teams competencies underneath three headings: (1) perspective, (2) knowledge, and (three) expertise and defines them for upper secondary training, together with vocational training (see Table 2). The accessible instructional laws present neither a transparent definition nor particular educational pointers, which might allow educators to translate the concept into follow. To sum up, there isn’t a clearly articulated idea of transferable expertise in TVET in Indonesia.
Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor sixty four Tahun 2013 tentang Standar Isi Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah (Regulation of the minister of schooling and culture sixty four/2013 on content material requirements for basic and secondary education). Develop a culture of knowledge alternate and collaboration at the nationwide level between all TVET stakeholders, comparable to universities, vocational schools, training centres, labour market actors, all concerned ministries, and the donor and consultancy community. In addition, the distinction between competences of basic school and vocational college graduates is even less pronounced. These discussions, nevertheless, concern the entire education system and are usually not focused on vocational training.
The second hurdle, which is closely associated to the primary one, is the truth that the development of the TVET system in Indonesia is largely driven by worldwide donors and steadily-changing international consultants who advocate different TVET philosophies. At the same time, scholarly debate in sciences, including training sciences, is just not very properly developed, and controversial scholarly discussions about schooling concepts and approaches and their representation in legal guidelines and rules are restricted. Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia Nomor 22 Tahun 2006 tentang Standar Isi untuk Satuan Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah (Regulation of the minis ter of schooling 22/2006 on content material requirements for units of fundamental and secondary training). For some of the vocational fields, certain subjects are prescribed, akin to physics, chemistry and technical drawing for know-how and engineering.